yew

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English[edit]

Taxus baccata, yew.
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Wikispecies

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English ew, from Old English īw, ēow, from Proto-Germanic *īwaz, *īhwaz (compare Icelandic ýr), masculine variant of *īwō (compare Dutch ijf, German Eibe), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-u̯eh₂ (compare Hittite [script?] (eja, type of evergreen), Welsh yw (yews), Lithuanian ievà (bird cherry), Russian ива (íva, willow)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

yew (countable and uncountable, plural yews)

  1. (countable) A species of coniferous tree, Taxus baccata, with dark-green flat needle-like leaves and seeds bearing red arils, native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia.
  2. (countable, by extension) Any tree or shrub of the genus Taxus.
  3. (uncountable) The wood of the yew.
  4. A bow for archery, made of yew wood.

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Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

yew (not comparable)

  1. Made from the wood of the yew tree.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marlies Philippa et al., eds., Etymologisch Woordenboek van het Nederlands, A-Z, s.v. “ijf” (Amsterdam UP, 3 Dec. 2009): <http://www.etymologie.nl>.

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