ylä-

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *wilä, *wülä.

Prefix[edit]

ylä- (comparative ylempi, superlative ylin)

  1. upper
  2. superior, high, higher

Usage notes[edit]

Ylä- is used as a nominal prefix, whereas yli- is used as a verbal prefix and as nominal prefix:

Yliarvioiko alaluokka yläluokkaa?
Is the upper class being overestimated by the lower class?
yli-ihminen, yliluutnantti, yliopisto, ylimielinen
superhuman, senior lieutenant, university, arrogant

Inflection[edit]

The inflected forms of ylä- serve only as adverbs.

Antonyms[edit]

  • (upper; superior, high, higher) ala-

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]