zinātnieks

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From zināt (to know) +‎ -nieks. This word existed before zinātne (science); it originally meant “person with experience, knowledge,” “knowledgeable person.” It was first used in the modern sense (“scientist”) by J. Alunāns (dabas zinātnieks “natural scientist” in 1860; compare also valodas zinātnieks “language scientist”, used by K. Valdemārs as a synonym of lingvists). It is possible that this usage of zinātnieks influenced A. Kronvalds to coin the word zinātne.[1]

Noun[edit]

zinātnieks m (1st declension, feminine form: zinātniece)

  1. (male) scientist, scholar (highly qualified specialist doing research work in some branch of science)
    liels zinātnieks — great scientist
    zinātnieks ar pasaules vārdu — a scientist with a world name (= fame, renown)
    mākslas zinātnieks — art historian (lit. scientist)
    mūzikas, literatūras zinātnieks — music, literary scholar
    zinātnieka karjera — a career in science (lit. a scientist's career)
    kabineta zinātnieks — an armchair scholar (lit. a cabinet scientist)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “zinātne” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7