science

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English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French science, from Latin scientia (knowledge), from sciens, the present participle stem of scire (know).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

science (countable and uncountable, plural sciences)

  1. (countable) A particular discipline or branch of learning, especially one dealing with measurable or systematic principles rather than intuition or natural ability. [from 14th c.]
    • 2013 August 3, “Boundary problems”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8847: 
      Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art. Perhaps it is fitting that economists’ most-used metric, gross domestic product (GDP), is a tangle too. GDP measures the total value of output in an economic territory. Its apparent simplicity explains why it is scrutinised down to tenths of a percentage point every month.
    Of course in my opinion Social Studies is more of a science than an art.
  2. (uncountable, archaic) Knowledge gained through study or practice; mastery of a particular discipline or area. [from 14th c.]
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.i:
      For by his mightie Science he had seene / The secret vertue of that weapon keene [...].
    • Hammond
      If we conceive God's or science, before the creation, to be extended to all and every part of the world, seeing everything as it is, [] his science or sight from all eternity lays no necessity on anything to come to pass.
    • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
      Shakespeare's deep and accurate science in mental philosophy
  3. (now only theology) The fact of knowing something; knowledge or understanding of a truth. [from 14th c.]
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, I Timothy 6:20-21
      O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding vain and profane babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called: Which some professing have erred concerning the faith. Grace be with thee. Amen.
  4. (uncountable) The collective discipline of study or learning acquired through the scientific method; the sum of knowledge gained from such methods and discipline. [from 18th c.]
    • 1951 January 1, Albert Einstein, letter to Maurice Solovine, as published in Letters to Solovine (1993)
      I have found no better expression than "religious" for confidence in the rational nature of reality [] Whenever this feeling is absent, science degenerates into uninspired empiricism.
    • 2012 January 1, Philip E. Mirowski, “Harms to Health from the Pursuit of Profits”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 87: 
      In an era when political leaders promise deliverance from decline through America’s purported preeminence in scientific research, the news that science is in deep trouble in the United States has been as unwelcome as a diagnosis of leukemia following the loss of health insurance.
  5. (uncountable) Knowledge derived from scientific disciplines, scientific method, or any systematic effort.
    • 2001 September, Neil deGrasse Tyson, “Over the rainbow”, Natural History, volume 110, number 7, page 30: 
      While much good science has come from the Hubble telescope (including the most reliable measure to date for the expansion rate of the universe), you would never know from media accounts that the foundation of our cosmic knowledge continues to flow primarily from the analysis of spectra and not from looking at pretty pictures.
  6. (uncountable) The scientific community.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Dara Ó Briain as stand-up comedian, Dara Ó Briain Talks Funny – Live in London, as published 2008:
      Science knows it doesn't know everything; otherwise, it'd stop.
Coordinate terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
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See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

science (third-person singular simple present sciences, present participle sciencing, simple past and past participle scienced)

  1. (transitive) To cause to become versed in science; to make skilled; to instruct.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis to this entry?)

Etymology 2[edit]

See scion.

Noun[edit]

science

  1. Obsolete spelling of scion.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, inherited from Latin scientia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

science f (plural sciences)

  1. science (field of study, etc.)

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

science f (plural sciences)

  1. science (field of study, etc.)
  2. knowledge

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin scientia.

Noun[edit]

science f (nominative singular science)

  1. knowledge; wisdom

Descendants[edit]