zweren

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch sweren, from Old Dutch *swerien, sweren, from Proto-Germanic *swarjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *swer-. Compare Low German swören, sweren, German schwören, West Frisian swarre, English swear, Danish sværge, Swedish svära.

Verb[edit]

zweren (past singular zwoer, past participle gezworen)

  1. (transitive) To swear, pledge, declare under oath.
    Verkozenen zweren trouw aan de Koning en de grondwet
    Elected officials swear loyalty to King and constitution
  2. (intransitive) To make/take an oath.
    Zweren is een ernstige zaak: meineed wordt zwaar gestraft
    Taking an oath is a serious matter: perjury carries grave punishments
  3. (intransitive) To curse, notably blasphemously.
    Als je nog durft zweren zal je de duivel op je achterste voelen, vlegel!
    If you dare blaspheme again you'll feel the devil on your rear, imp!
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch sweren.

Verb[edit]

zweren (past singular zwoor or zweerde, past participle gezworen or gezweerd)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) To hurt, be sore.
  2. (intransitive) To (infect and) produce pus, boils etc.
    Hun wonden zworen afzichtelijk
    Their wounds were hideously pustulant
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

zweren

  1. Plural form of zweer