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Scottish Gaelic[edit]


From Middle Irish éirgid (compare Irish éirigh, Manx irree), from Old Irish at·reig (rises), from Proto-Celtic *regeti (to stretch, straighten), form Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- (to straighten).


èirich (past dh'èirich, future èirichidh, verbal noun èirigh, past participle èirichte)

  1. rise, arise, get up, stand up
  2. rise up, rebel, revolt


Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
èirich n-èirich h-èirich t-èirich
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ↑ISBN
  • éirgid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.