āda

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See also: ada, Ada, ADA, ādā, aða, -ada, A.D.A., and A. D. A.

Latvian[edit]

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 āda on Latvian Wikipedia
(Cilvēka) āda

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *ād-, from Proto-Indo-European *ādʰ-, a parallel form of *āǵ- (goat) (whence Latvian āzis (billy-goat), q.v.). The term may originally have been adjectival (cf. Lithuanian ódinis (skin, of skin)). A relationship between terms for “goat” and “skin” is not infrequent in Indo-European; cf. Russian коза (kozá, goat), кожа (kóža, skin), or Sanskrit अजा (ajā, she-goat), अजिनम् (ajínam, skin). In Latvian, the term expanded its meaning to cover both human and animal skin (or fur), as well as animal skin as material for making objects, ideas often distinguished in other languages (e.g., German Haut, Fell, and Leder). The original meaning is perhaps preserved in the Finnish borrowing vuota ((raw) hide, pelt). Cognates include Lithuanian óda, Sanskrit अत्कः (átkaḥ, armor, outfit) (< *aǵ-ko-), Ancient Greek ἀσκός (askós, leather wine-skin), Albanian dhi (goat) (< *ādʰ-i).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

āda f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) skin (external cover of the (human or animal) body)
    sejas ādafacial skin
    gluda, maiga ādasmooth, soft skin
    krunkaina ādawrinkled skin
    ādas slimībasskin diseases
    pārstādīt ādutransplant skin
    kopt āduto take care of one's skin
    čūska met āduthe snake is throwing (= leaving) its skin
    zirgam uz kakla noberzta ādathe horse has sore skin on its neck
  2. leather (animal skin especially treated to make clothes)
    ādas apstrādāšanaleather processing
    ādu fabrikaleather factory
    ādas mētelis, josta, cimdileather coat, belt, gloves
    kurpes ar ādas zolishoes with leather soles
    miecēt ādasto tan skin

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “āda”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7