źiśe

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See also: zǐsè

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dětę, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to suckle, suck). Cognate with Upper Sorbian dźěćo, Polish dziecię, Czech dítě, Old Church Slavonic дѣти (děti), and Russian дитя (ditja).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

źiśe n (genitive góleśa, plural źiśi)

  1. child

Declension[edit]

The words źiśe and góle are in a suppletive relationship. In the nominative and accusative singular, źiśe and góle are both found; in these cases góle implies a young child (up to about 6 years old) and źiśe a somewhat older one. The genitive, dative, instrumental, and locative singular as well the entire dual are formed from góle, while the plural is formed from źiśe; in these cases there is no semantic distinction between the two roots.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • źiśe in Ernst Muka/Mucke (St. Petersburg and Prague 1911–28): Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow / Wörterbuch der nieder-wendischen Sprache und ihrer Dialekte. Reprinted 2008, Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.
  • źiśe in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.