ǫld

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See also: old, öld, øld, and 'old

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *aldiz ‎(age, lifetime). Cognate with Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌳𐍃 ‎(alds).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈɒld/

Noun[edit]

ǫld f (genitive aldar, plural aldir)

  1. time, age
    • Vǫluspá, verse 3, lines 1-2, in 1867, S. Bugge, Norrœn fornkvæði: Sæmundar Edda hins fróða. Christiania, page 1:
      Ár var alda / þar er Ýmir bygði, []
      In early ages, / when Ymir lived []
  2. cycle, period
    • Stjorn 95, in 1834, F. Magnússon, C.C. Rafn, Fornmanna sögur. Volume VIII. Copenhagen, page 15:
      [] ok at greina daga, uikur ok manadi, aar ok aldir.
      [] and to distinguish days from weeks and months, years and centuries.
  3. (poetic) men, people
    • Hávamál, verse 12, lines 1-3, in 1867, S. Bugge, Norrœn fornkvæði: Sæmundar Edda hins fróða. Christiania, page 44:
      Era sva gott, / sem gott qveþa, / öl alda sona; []
      Is not so good, / as they say it is, / ale for the sons of men; []

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: old c (archaic)
  • Faroese: øld f

References[edit]

  • ǫld in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • ǫld in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.