δημοκρατία

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From δημοκρατέομαι (dēmokratéomai), from δῆμος (dêmos, people) +‎ κρατέω (kratéō, I rule”, “I command).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

δημοκρᾰτῐ́ᾱ (dēmokratíā) (genitive δημοκρατίας) f, first declension

  1. democracy, popular government
    • circa 440 BCE, Ἡρόδοτος (Herodotus), Historiae, 6.43:
      τοὺς γὰρ τυράννους τῶν Ἰώνων καταπαύσας πάντας ὁ Μαρδόνιος δημοκρατίας κατίστα ἐς τὰς πόλιας
      Mardonius put down all the despots throughout Ionia, and in lieu of them established democracies ― translation by George Rawlinson (1910)
    • 46–127 CE, Πλούταρχος (Plutarch), Τῶν ἑπτά σοφῶν συμπόσιον (Banquet of the Seven Sages), 154E:
      ὁ Βίας ἔφησε κρατίστην εἶναι δημοκρατίαν ἐν ᾗ πάντες ὡς τύραννον φοβοῦνται τὸν νόμον
      Bias said that the strongest democracy is that wherein all fear the law as their tyrant

Inflection[edit]

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek δημοκρᾰτῐ́ᾱ (dēmokratíā, democracy”, “popular government).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ðimokraˈtia/
  • Hyphenation: δη‧μο‧κρα‧τί‧α

Noun[edit]

δημοκρατία (dimokratíaf (plural δημοκρατίες)

  1. democracy
  2. republic

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • Ελληνική Δημοκρατία (Ellinikí Dimokratía, Hellenic Republic)
and see: δήμος m (dímos, municipality, the people)