δημοκρατία

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from δῆμος (dêmos, common people", "assembly of the people) +‎ -κρατία (-kratía, power”, “rule).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /dɛː.mo.kra.tí.aː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /de.mo.kraˈti.a/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ði.mo.kraˈti.a/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ði.mo.kraˈti.a/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ði.mo.kraˈti.a/
  • Noun[edit]

    δημοκρᾰτῐ́ᾱ (dēmokratíāf (genitive δημοκρᾰτῐ́ᾱς); first declension

    1. (politics, uncountable) democracy, popular government
    2. (countable) a democratic government
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 6.43
        τοὺς γὰρ τυράννους τῶν Ἰώνων καταπαύσας πάντας ὁ Μαρδόνιος δημοκρατίας κατίστα ἐς τὰς πόλιας
        toùs gàr turánnous tôn Iṓnōn katapaúsas pántas ho Mardónios dēmokratías katísta es tàs pólias
        • 1910 translation by George Rawlinson
          Mardonius put down all the despots throughout Ionia, and in lieu of them established democracies
      • 46 CE – 120 CE, Plutarch, Banquet of the Seven Sages 154e
        ὁ Βίας ἔφησε κρατίστην εἶναι δημοκρατίαν ἐν ᾗ πάντες ὡς τύραννον φοβοῦνται τὸν νόμον.
        ho Bías éphēse kratístēn eînai dēmokratían en hêi pántes hōs túrannon phoboûntai tòn nómon.
        Bias said that the strongest democracy is that wherein all fear the law as their tyrant.
    3. inflection of δημοκρᾰτῐ́ᾱ (dēmokratíā):
      1. vocative singular
      2. nominative accusative and vocative dual

    Inflection[edit]

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    Descendants[edit]

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    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek δημοκρᾰτῐ́ᾱ (dēmokratíā, democracy, popular government). Morphologically δήμος (dímos) +‎ -κρατία (-kratía).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): /ðimokraˈtia/
    • Hyphenation: δη‧μο‧κρα‧τί‧α

    Noun[edit]

    δημοκρατία (dimokratíaf (plural δημοκρατίες)

    1. democracy
    2. republic
      Ελληνική ΔημοκρατίαEllinikí DimokratíaHellenic Republic

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    • see: δήμος m (dímos, municipality, the people)

    Further reading[edit]