μυρίος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Origin uncertain. It may be related to either Indo-European meu- 'damp' (as in 'flowing' like the countless waves of the sea) or Greek μύρμηξ (murmex) 'ant' (like a countless swarm).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /myː.rí.os/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /myˈri.os/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /myˈri.os/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /myˈri.os/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /miˈri.os/
  • Adjective[edit]

    μῡρῐ́ος (mūríosm (feminine μῡρῐ́ᾱ, neuter μῡρῐ́ον); first/second declension

    1. numberless, countless, infinite
      1. (poetic) measureless, immense, infinite
      2. (of time) endless
      3. (adverbial, in neuter plural) much, immensely, incessantly
        1. (adverbial, singular dative) infinitely
    2. (as a definite numeral, in the plural) ten thousand, the greatest number expressed in Ancient Greek as a single word

    Usage notes[edit]

    According to the Grammarians μυρίος (muríos) (paroxytonic) is the indefinite form, and μύριος (múrios) (proparoxytonic) is the definite form. However, this distinction is not observed in the manuscripts.

    Inflection[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]