μόλυβδος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Mycenaean Greek 𐀗𐀪𐀺𐀈 (mo-ri-wo-do), from an Anatolian word cognate with Lydian 𐤪𐤠𐤭𐤦𐤥𐤣𐤠 (marivda, dark), from Proto-Indo-European *morkʷ-iyo-, from a root *morkʷ- (dark).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /mó.lyb.dos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈmo.lyb.dos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈmo.lyβ.ðos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈmo.lyv.ðos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈmo.liv.ðos/
  • Noun[edit]

    μόλυβδος (mólubdosm (genitive μολύβδου); second declension

    1. lead (the metal)
    2. graphite

    Inflection[edit]

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    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Ivo Hajnal, Graeco-Anatolian Contacts in the Mycenaean Period (Innsbruck: University of Innsbruck), 6.
    2. ^ H.C. Melchert, “Greek mólybdos as loanword from Lydian”, Anatolian Interfaces: Hittites, Greeks and their Neighbours. Proceedings of an International Conference on Cross-Cultural Interaction, September 17-19, 2004, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, eds. B.J.Collins, M.R. Bachvarova & I.C. Rutherford (Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008), 153-157.

    Further reading[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    μόλυβδος (mólyvdosm (uncountable)

    1. (chemistry, metallurgy) lead

    Declension[edit]

    Coordinate terms[edit]

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