σπέρμα

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *spérmn̥, which consists of Proto-Indo-European *sper- + Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥. Synchronically analysable as σπείρω (speírō) +‎ -μα (-ma). Cognate with Mycenaean Greek 𐀟𐀔 (pe-ma).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

σπέρμα (spérman (genitive σπέρμᾰτος); third declension

  1. (botany) seed
  2. semen, sperm
    Synonyms: θορός (thorós), σπόρος (spóros)
  3. seed-time, sowing
  4. (figuratively) germ, origin of anything
  5. race, origin, descent
  6. (poetic) seed, offspring

Declension[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Ancient Greek σπέρμα (spérma, seed, semen).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈspeɾ.ma/
  • Hyphenation: σπέρ‧μα

Noun[edit]

σπέρμα (spérman (plural σπέρματα)

  1. (biology, botany) seed, the seed of plants.
  2. (biology, medicine) human or animal seed, semen, sperm
  3. (figuratively) the origin, the source, the germ, a primeval element
  4. (figuratively) offspring, descendants, race, issue.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]