σπέρμα

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *spérmn̥, which consists of Proto-Indo-European *sper- + Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥. Synchronically analysable as σπείρω (speírō) +‎ -μα (-ma). Cognate with Mycenaean Greek 𐀟𐀔 (pe-ma).

Noun[edit]

σπέρμα (spérman (genitive σπέρματος); third declension

  1. (botany) seed
  2. semen, sperm
    Synonyms: θορός (thorós), σπόρος (spóros)
  3. seed-time, sowing
  4. (figuratively) germ, origin of anything
  5. race, origin, descent
  6. (poetic) seed, offspring

Declension[edit]

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Ancient Greek σπέρμα (spérma, seed, semen).

Noun[edit]

σπέρμα (spérman (plural σπέρματα)

  1. (biology, botany) the seed, the seed of plants.
  2. (biology, medicine) the human and animal seed, semen, sperm
  3. (metaph.) the origin, the source, the germ, a primeval element
  4. (metaph.) offspring, the descendants, the race, issue.

Declension[edit]

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Further reading[edit]