гайка

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Belarusian[edit]

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Noun[edit]

га́йка (hájkaf inanimate

  1. nut

Declension[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Per Trubachev and Anikin (although Vasmer expressed skepticism) from Proto-Slavic *gajьka (something that connects; something that prohibits), derived from Proto-Slavic *gajiti (to protect).

Attested since 17th century.

Cognates include Serbo-Croatian gȃjka (movable ring; nut), dialectal Czech hajka (straw landmark on a pole as a sign prohibiting road use), Ukrainian га́ïти (háïty, to slow down; to linger), Czech hájiti (to protect, care), Slovak hájit’ (to protect, stand up for).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡajkə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

га́йка (gájkaf inan (genitive га́йки, nominative plural га́йки, genitive plural га́ек)

  1. nut (that fits on a bolt)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “гайка”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress