главня

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *golvьňa, probably from an earlier *golv- (to decay, to languish) + -ня (-nja), related to Bulgarian жило (žilo, stinger), жал (žal, sorrow). Possibly further akin to Lithuanian gélti (to sting), pagalỹs (stick, spoke), Latvian galēt (to slay), gals (end, demise).

Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary alternatively lists the word as a derivative of Bulgarian глава (glava, head), without further explanation (see for comparison Etymology 3).

Noun[edit]

главня́ or гла́вня (glavnjá or glávnjaf

  1. log of burnt wood, ember
    Synonym: (dialectal) поле́но (poléno)
Alternative forms[edit]
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading

Кочан царивица засегната от главня

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely from the same origin as Etymology 1, morphologically a resultant from *golv- (to decay, to languish) + -ня́ (-njá).

Noun[edit]

главня́ (glavnjáf

  1. infectious disease attacking crops
  2. smut (fungus that causes the infectious disease)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • главня in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik), under ГЛАВНЯ̀²
  • главня in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably from глава́ (glavá, head) +‎ -ня (-nja), originally meaning head-like, shaped like a head.

Noun[edit]

главня́ (glavnjáf

  1. (dialectal) wooden sledgehammer
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • главня in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik), under ГЛАВНЯ̀³