радуга

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Russian[edit]

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Ра́дуга

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *radǫga. The first element more likely derives from Proto-Slavic *radъ than folk etymology’s Proto-Slavic *rajь. The second element from Proto-Slavic *dǫga would be cognate with Lithuanian dangùs (sky, heaven) and perhaps further Proto-Germanic *tunglą (heavenly body) together from a tentative Proto-Indo-European root *denǵʰ-.

Slavic cognates include Ukrainian ра́йдуга (rájduha).

A borrowing from Old Ossetic *ardunga- cognate with Classical Persian درونه (durōna, rainbow) etc. is also possible.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈradʊɡə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ра́дуга (rádugaf inan (genitive ра́дуги, nominative plural ра́дуги, genitive plural ра́дуг)

  1. (meteorology) rainbow
    Synonym: (dialectal) весёлка (vesjólka)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Szemerényi, Oswald (1967), “Славянская этимология на индоевропейском фоне”, in , В. А. Меркулова, transl., Вопросы языкознания (in Russian), issue 4, page 23
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “радуга”, in , Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Bogatova, G. A., editor (1995), “радуга”, in Словарь русского языка XI–XVII вв. [Dictionary of the Russian Language: 11ᵗʰ–17ᵗʰ cc.] (in Russian), issue 21 (прочный – раскидати), Moscow: Nauka, →ISBN, page 126