симпатия

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Sympathie or Polish sympatia.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sʲɪmˈpatʲɪjə]
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

симпа́тия (simpátijaf inan or f anim (genitive симпа́тии, nominative plural симпа́тии, genitive plural симпа́тий)

  1. favour; attraction; sympathy
    чу́вствовать симпа́тию (к кому́-либо)čúvstvovatʹ simpátiju (k komú-libo)to feel warmly toward someone
    пита́ть симпа́тию (к кому́-либо)pitátʹ simpátiju (k komú-libo)to favour someone
    Synonyms: влече́ние (vlečénije), расположе́ние (raspoložénije)
    Antonym: антипа́тия (antipátija)
  2. (informal) sweetheart; darling; flame (a person who is liked or desired)
    Synonyms: зазно́ба (zaznóba), па́ссия (pássija), увлече́ние (uvlečénije)

Usage notes[edit]

Although cимпатия is cognate with sympathy, these words may have different connotations. The Russian симпатия implies attraction, liking or warm feeling, but usually not compassion or condolence.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “симпатия”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress