ամպ

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Armenian[edit]

ամպ

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ամպ (amp).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ամպ (amp)

  1. cloud
  2. (figuratively) sorrow, grief

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually derived from Proto-Indo-European *m̥bʰos, through labial assimilation from *nébʰos (nom. sing.), *n̥bʰés-s (gen. sing.), despite formal difficulties.[1][2][3][4] Related to ամպրոպ (amprop, thunderstorm).

The sense of “sponge” is a semantic loan from Persian ابرک(abrak, little cloud; sponge).[2]

Noun[edit]

ամպ (amp)

  1. cloud
    • 5th century, Bible, Genesis 9.13:[5]
      Զաղեղն իմ եդից յամպս եւ եղիցի ի նշանակ յաւիտենական ուխտին ընդ իս եւ ընդ ամենայն երկիր։
      Załełn im edicʿ yamps ew ełicʿi i nšanak yawitenakan uxtin ənd is ew ənd amenayn erkir.
      • Translation by Hrach Martirosyan
        I shall place my bow in the clouds, and it shall be a sign of the eternal covenant between me and the earth.
  2. (post-Classical) lightning
  3. (post-Classical) sponge

Usage notes[edit]

In some derivatives the word perhaps also means “sky” and “thunder”.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: ամպ (amp)

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ամպ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ամպ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 36–37
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “ամպ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 162–163
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “amp”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 49–51
  4. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “ամպ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 47a
  5. ^ Zeytʿunyan A. S., editor (1985) Girkʿ cnndocʿ [Book of Genesis] (Hay hnaguyn tʿargmanakan hušarjanner; 1), critical text, Yerevan: Academy Press, page 184