անձն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁-ǵʰ-, from *h₂enh₁- ‎(to breathe); cognate with Old Norse angi ‎(smell, scent) and perhaps Oscan [script needed] ‎(aftiím, soul). Compare also Ancient Greek ἄνεμος ‎(ánemos, wind, breeze), Latin animus, anima, Old Frisian omma ‎(breath), Sanskrit अनिल ‎(ánila, air, wind), and Tocharian B āñme.

Noun[edit]

անձն ‎(anjn

  1. person
    անձամբ‎ ― anjamb ― personally
    անձամբ անձին‎ ― anjamb anjin ― by one's self, personally
    զանձամբ դառնալ‎ ― zanjamb daṙnal ― to turn back
    զանձամբ արկանել‎ ― zanjamb arkanel ― to put on
    յանձին բերել‎ ― yanjin berel ― to imitate
    յանձին ունել‎ ― yanjin unel ― to accept, to approve
    չառնուլ յանձն‎ ― čʿaṙnul yanjn ― to refuse, to deny
    յանձն առնել‎ ― yanjn aṙnel ― to recommend, to confide
    յանձն լինել‎ ― yanjn linel ― to commend one's self, to have confidence in, to confide in, to be committed
  2. soul; mind; heart
    երդնում յանձն իմ, թէ այդ այդպէս է‎ ― erdnum yanjn im, tʿē ayd aydpēs ē ― on my soul, it is so
    անձին առնել‎ ― anjin aṙnel ― to commit suicide
    զգաստանալ յանձին‎ ― zgastanal yanjin ― to revive, to recover one's senses
  3. -self: myself, thyself, himself
    սիրէ նա զանձն իւր‎ ― sirē na zanjn iwr ― he loves himself
    վասն անձին եւեթ տամ պատասխանի‎ ― vasn anjin ewetʿ tam patasxani ― I only answer for myself
    փոյթ ունի նա վասն անձին‎ ― pʿoytʿ uni na vasn anjin ― he takes care of himself
    ձեռն յանձին հարկանել‎ ― jeṙn yanjin harkanel ― to boast of, to flatter one's self, to prick one's self

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This noun may be used in a reflexive role: սիրէ նա զանձն իւր‎ ― sirē na zanjn iwr ― he loves himself.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • անձն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • անձն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • անձն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • “anjn” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 93