արատ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian արատ (arat); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

արատ (arat)

  1. bodily flaw, defect (in humans)
    սրտի արատsrti aratheart disease
  2. mental flaw, vice
  3. flaw, defect (in things)
  4. stain, blemish, spot, smear

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Uncertain. Ačaṙyan leaves the origin open.

Ałayan considers արատ (arat) to be a by-form of արած- (arac-), deriving արատ (arat) from Proto-Indo-European *tred- (to drill) from the root *terh₁- (to rub).

J̌ahukyan with some reservation accepts the connection with արած- (arac-), for the change of > տ (t) pointing to բարտի (barti).

Noun[edit]

արատ (arat)

  1. bodily flaw, defect
  2. blot, spot, stain, blemish
  3. harm
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₁r(e/o)h₂d- and cognate with Ancient Greek ἐρῳδιός (erōidiós, heron), Latin ardea. Alternatively, a Mediterranean substrate word.

Noun[edit]

արատ (arat)

  1. stork (?)
Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word is attested only once (Vardan Arewelcʿi), along with արիովդ (ariovd), and its meaning is uncertain.

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “արատ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “arat”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 126