արեւ

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Armenian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian արեւ(arew).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

արեւ ‎(arew)

  1. the sun

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂rew-i-(sun, sunshine), whence also Sanskrit रवि(ravi, sun) and Hittite [script needed](ḫaru(wa)nae, to become bright, get light, dawn). Related to արեգ(areg).

According to Martirosyan, Old Armenian արեւ(arew) / արեգ(areg) probably reflects an Indo-European or Armeno-Aryan poetically or sacrally marked designation of “sun”, replacing the Proto-Indo-European unmarked profane *sóh₂wl̥(sun).

Noun[edit]

արեւ ‎(arew)

  1. the sun
    մուտք արեւու‎ ― mutkʿ arewu ― sunset or sundown
    ելք արեւու‎ ― elkʿ arewu ― sunrise
    ի մտանել արեւու‎ ― i mtanel arewu ― the setting of the sun
    յելանել, ի ծագել արեւու‎ ― yelanel, i cagel arewu ― the rising of the sun
  2. light of the sun
    յարեւու գալ‎ ― yarewu gal ― to come in broad daylight, to come before the sun sets
    զքաղցր արեւն յաչաց հանել, զրկել յարեւէ‎ ― zkʿałcʿr arewn yačʿacʿ hanel, zrkel yarewē ― to deprive of light, to blind
  3. (figuratively) life, day
    յարեւն երդնուլ‎ ― yarewn erdnul ― to swear by one's days or life
    յարեւէ արկանել, զարեւ հատանել‎ ― yarewē arkanel, zarew hatanel ― to murder, to kill; to lose one's life
    ըմպել յարեւ ուրուք‎ ― əmpel yarew urukʿ ― to drink to the health of some one, to toast

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

According to Ačaṙean, in classical Old Armenian արեւ(arew) referred to the light of the sun, while արեգակն(aregakn) was used for the star itself.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “արեգ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 310–312
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “արեւ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 192
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 83
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 424
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 440
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian[1] (pdf), Zagreb, page 9
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 135
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 109–110
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “արեւ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Puhvel, Jaan (1991) Hittite Etymological Dictionary (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 5), volume III, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 204
  • Ravnæs, Erling (1991) The chronology of the sound changes from Proto-Indo-European to Classical Armenian. Thesis, University of Oslo, pages 17, 76–77
  • Witczak, K. T. (1999), “Studies in Armenian etymology (1-30)”, in Studia etymologica Cracoviensia[2], issue 4, pages 182–183