գազ

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French gaz. Reinforced by Russian газ (gaz). The sense “gas pedal” is a semantic loan from Russian газ (gaz).

Noun[edit]

գազ (gaz)

  1. gas (state of matter)
  2. (informal) natural gas
  3. (informal) gas pedal, accelerator
    Synonym: արագարար (aragarar)
Declension[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1951), “կազ”, in Ewropakan pʿoxaṙeal baṙer hayerēni mēǰ [European Loanwords in Armenian] (Azgayin matenadaran; 166) (in Armenian), published from the author's manuscript submitted in 1921, Vienna: Mekhitarist Press, page 99

Etymology 2[edit]

From Persianگز(gaz, cubit, a length of 24 finger-breadths, or six hands).

Noun[edit]

գազ (gaz)

  1. (archaic) cubit (measure of length equal to 112 cm)
    • ca. 1680–1684, Baṙ girg taliani [An Armenian–Italian Dictionary published in Venice] page 13:[1]
      գազ․ պռացօ
      gaz; pṙacʿō
      գազ (gaz) = braccio
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orengo, Alessandro (2019), “Il ԲԱՌ ԳԻՐԳ ՏԱԼԻԱՆԻ Un dizionario armeno-italiano del XVII secolo”, in U. Bläsing, J. Dum-Tragut, T.M. van Lint, editors, Armenian, Hittite, and Indo-European Studies: A Commemoration Volume for Jos J.S. Weitenberg (Hebrew University Armenian Studies; 15), Leuven: Peeters, page 219

Further reading[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “գազ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 497b
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 124
  • Malxaseancʿ, Stepʿan (1944), “գազ”, in Hayerēn bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Armenian Explanatory Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: State Publishing House, page 402a
  • Hovhannes J̌uġayecʿi (1984), Xačʿikyan L. S., Pʿapʿazyan H. D., editors, Hovhannes Ter-Davtʿyan J̌uġayecʿu hašvetumarə [The Account Book of Hovhannes Ter-Davtyan from Julfa] (Tntesakan patmutʿyan vaveragrer; 1) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 370

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Armenian գազ (gaz).

Noun[edit]

գազ (gaz)

  1. milkvetch (Astragalus gen. et spp.)
Declension[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An Iranian borrowing: compare Middle Persian [script needed] (gc /⁠gaz⁠/, tamarisk), Persianگز(gaz, tamarisk; milkvetch).

Noun[edit]

գազ (gaz)

  1. milkvetch (Astragalus spp.)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: գազ (gaz)

Further reading[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “գազ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 497ab, hesitant to accept the Iranian origin, being unaware that ⁧گز(gaz) means "milk-vetch" in addition to "tamarisk"
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “գազ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Lagarde, Paul de (1866) Gesammelte Abhandlungen (in German), Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus, page 177
  • Petrosean, Matatʿeay (1879), “գազ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy