ընթանամ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Ačaṙyan, from Proto-Indo-European *sent- ‎(to head for, to go) +‎ -ան- ‎(-an-). The sound changes are similar to that of ընկենում ‎(ənkenum). To account for the unexpected -նթ- ‎(-ntʿ-) instead of -նդ- ‎(-nd-), he supposes a by-form *sentʰ-.

Verb[edit]

ընթանամ ‎(əntʿanam)

  1. to run, to run to; to slide; to gallop; to walk; to go, to depart, to pass
    արշաւասոյր ընթանալ‎ ― aršawasoyr əntʿanal ― to run full speed, to rattle along full speed
    երամովին, խուռն ընթանալ‎ ― eramovin, xuṙn əntʿanal ― to run in company, in crowds, in a throng to rush, to crowd, to flock
    ընթանալ զհետ ուրուք‎ ― əntʿanal zhet urukʿ ― to follow, to run after
    ընթանալ զհետ հետոց, շաւղաց ուրուք‎ ― əntʿanal zhet hetocʿ, šawłacʿ urukʿ ― to follow the tracks, to tread in the steps
    ընթանալ զճանապարհս իւր‎ ― əntʿanal zčanaparhs iwr ― to follow one's career
    այսր անդր ընթանալ‎ ― aysr andr əntʿanal ― dip into, to run over a book
    ընթանալով ասել‎ ― əntʿanalov asel ― to say in few words, to touch lightly
    ընթանալ ի ճանապարհս պատուիրանաց‎ ― əntʿanal i čanaparhs patuiranacʿ ― to observe or obey the commandments
    բարւոք ընթանան իրք‎ ― barwokʿ əntʿanan irkʿ ― affairs are thriving, business is prosperous;

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ընթանամ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ընթանամ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “ընթանալ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 125–126