հուն

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian հուն ‎(hun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

հուն ‎(hun)

  1. ford, shallow
    Հունը չգիտցած գետը մտնել։‎ ― Hunə čʿgitcʿac getə mtnel. ― To enter the river not knowing the ford.
  2. riverbed
  3. dried riverbed
  4. bottom of the sea, lake or river
  5. way, direction, course
    հունի մեջ դնել‎ ― huni meǰ dnel ― to put into the right order or course, to give an adequate course or direction
    հունի մեջ ընկնել‎ ― huni meǰ ənknel ― to fall onto the right direction, to begin with an ordered work
    հունից հանել‎ ― hunicʿ hanel ― to take out of the right order
  6. (dialectal) top
    հուն ելնել‎ ― hun elnel ― to vanquish, to surmount (literally, to come up to the top)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • հուն”, in Žamanakakicʿ hayocʿ lezvi bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory Dictionary of Contemporary Armenian] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, 1969–1980
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 424

Middle Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հուն ‎(hun).

Noun[edit]

հուն ‎(hun)

  1. way, direction, course
    ի հուն ելնել‎ ― i hun elnel ― to come to one's senses, to come to reason
    ի հուն հանել‎ ― i hun hanel ― to bring to reason, to bring to senses
  2. limit, border, end
  3. top
    ի հուն ելանել‎ ― i hun elanel ― to cope with, succeed in, to come up to the top, to a successful accomplishment
    ի հուն հանել‎ ― i hun hanel ― to cause to succeed

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Łazaryan, Ṙ. S.; Avetisyan, H. M. (2009), “ի հուն ելնել”, in Miǰin hayereni baṙaran [Dictionary of Middle Armenian] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “հուն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հուն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pónteh₁s. See also Georgian ფონი ‎(poni).

Noun[edit]

հուն ‎(hun)

  1. ford, shallow
  2. (as an adjective) shallow
  3. passage, way
  4. opening, gap

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In the compound անհուն ‎(anhun) the word also means ‘bottom, base’. For the sense development compare Latin vadum ‎(shallow, ford; bottom of the sea).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հուն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հուն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “հուն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 422