ձագ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ձագ (jag).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ձագ (jag)

  1. the young of any animal, baby animal

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Connected with Albanian zog, perhaps also Manichaean Middle Persian zhg (zahag), Manichean Parthian zhg (zahag, offspring, progeny; child), Middle Persian zhk' (zahag), zʾhk' (zahag, child, offspring), Persian زه (zah, offspring of men or of cattle), زاق (zâq, the young of anything), Pashto [script needed] (zag), Sogdian zʾk (zāk, child), which go back to Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰāgʷʰ- (Pokorny, Ačaṙean, J̌ahukyan) or *ǵʰāgʰu- (Olsen). Alternatively, we may be dealing with a substrate word of the shape *ǵʰāgʰ- or the like (Martirosyan).

According to Hübschmann (followed by Pokorny), Armenian is borrowed from Iranian, but in that case *զագ (*zag) was expected, as is pointed out by J̌ahukyan and Olsen.

According to Ačaṙean, Georgian ზაქი (zaki, buffalo calf) and Classical Syriac ܙܓܐ (zagā, chicken) are from Iranian.

Noun[edit]

ձագ (jag)

  1. youngling, nestling
    ձագ թռչնոցjag tʿṙčʿnocʿyoung of a bird, nestling, brood; young sparrow
    ձագ հաւուjag hawuchick, small chicken, pullet
    ձագ կենդանեացjag kendaneacʿyoung one, little one of animals, pup, whelp, cub
    ձագունքjagunkʿthe young or little ones, the progeny
    բբիւն ձագուցbbiwn jagucʿthe chirping or twittering of nestlings
    ձագ մատնjag matnlittle finger
    ձագս հանելjags hanelto brood, to sit on eggs; to have young, to litter, to bring forth
    ձագու/ձագի լեզուjagu/jagi lezucaryophyllata, herb-bennet; seed of the ash-tree
  2. little bird, sparrow

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “ձագ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 141–142
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1837), “ձագ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume II, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 144b
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 185
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 127
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “ձագ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 473a
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 428
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 110–111
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ձագ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 424b
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 409