ձագ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ձագ ‎(jag).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ձագ ‎(jag)

  1. the young of any animal, baby animal

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Connected with Albanian zog, perhaps also Manichaean Middle Persian zhg ‎(zahag), Manichean Parthian zhg ‎(zahag, offspring, progeny; child), Middle Persian zhk' ‎(zahag), zʾhk' ‎(zahag, child, offspring), Persian زه ‎(zah, offspring of men or of cattle), زاق ‎(zâq, the young of anything), Pashto [script needed] ‎(zag), Sogdian zʾk ‎(zāk, child), which go back to Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰāgʷʰ- (Pokorny, Ačaṙyan) or *ǵʰag- (J̌ahukyan 2010) or *ǵʰāgʰu- (Olsen). Alternatively, we may be dealing with a substrate word of the shape *ǵʰāgʰ- or the like (Martirosyan).

According to Hübschmann (followed by Pokorny), Armenian is borrowed from Iranian, but in that case *զագ ‎(*zag) was expected, as is pointed out by J̌ahukyan and Olsen.

According to Ačaṙyan, Georgian ზაქი ‎(zaki, buffalo calf) and Classical Syriac ܙܓܐ ‎(zagā, chicken) are from Iranian.

Noun[edit]

ձագ ‎(jag

  1. youngling, nestling
    ձագ թռչնոցjag tʿṙčʿnocʿ ― young of a bird, nestling, brood; young sparrow
    ձագ հաւուjag hawu ― chick, small chicken, pullet
    ձագ կենդանեացjag kendaneacʿ ― young one, little one of animals, pup, whelp, cub
    ձագունքjagunkʿ ― the young or little ones, the progeny
    բբիւն ձագուցbbiwn jagucʿ ― the chirping or twittering of nestlings
    ձագ մատնjag matn ― little finger
    ձագս հանելjags hanel ― to brood, to sit on eggs; to have young, to litter, to bring forth
    ձագու/ձագի լեզուjagu/jagi lezu ― caryophyllata, herb-bennet; seed of the ash-tree
  2. little bird, sparrow

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ձագ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 424b
  • ձագ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, volume II, page 144b
  • ձագ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume III, page 141–142
  • Heinrich Hübschmann (1897), Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie, Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 185
  • ձագ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 473a
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume II, page 409
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 428
  • Birgit Anette Olsen (1999), The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, ISBN 3-11-016483-3, pages 110–111