מ־

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From מִן (min), by assimilation of the /n/ to the following consonant.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

מִ־‏ (mi-)

  1. From, of, from inside.
    1. Introducing a noun or other nominal.
      יצאתי מהחדר.‏‎ ― yatzáti mehakhéder.I left [literally went out from] the room.
      מתי מגיעה הטיסה מתל אביב?‏‎ ― matái magi'á hatisá mitel-avív?When does the flight from Tel Aviv arrive?
    2. Introducing a prepositional phrase or other adverbial.
      הכרתי אותו מלפני הרבה שנים.‏‎ ― hikárti otó milifnéi harbé shaním.I've known him since many years ago [literally from before many years].
  2. Than, more than.
    הוא יותר גבוה ממנה.‏‎ ― hu yotér gavóah miménah.He is taller than her [literally more tall than her].
    הוא גבוה ממנה.‏‎ ― hu gavóah miménah.He is taller than her [literally tall than her].
  3. (in negative) Without, without the existence or presence of.
  4. Because of, due to, for.
    רק מסיבה אחת הסכמתי: ביקשת.‏‎ ― rak misibá akhát hiskámti: bikásht(a).For only one reason did I agree to: you asked.
  5. Used to construe various verbs.
    ביקשו ממך גם?‏‎ ― bikshú mimkhá/mimékh gam?Did they ask [literally ask from] you, too?
    כולם מפחדים ממנו.‏‎ ― kulám m'fakh'dím miménu.Everyone is afraid of him/us.
    ניסינו למנוע את זה מלקרות.‏‎ ― nisínu limnóa et ze milikrót.We tried to prevent it from happening.
    שכחנו מההצגה.‏‎ ― shakhákhnu mehahatzagá.We forgot about the play.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In writing with niqqud, the preposition מִ־‏ induces a dagesh forte (gemination) in the following consonant, unless that consonant is a guttural one, and thus, does not accept dagesh (i.e. א, ה, ח, ע, or ר), in which case the preposition becomes מֵ־‏ (me-), except before חוט (khut, thread), חוץ (khutz, outside), היות (h'yot, be), where it remains מִ־‏. However, neither gemination nor the vowel change is ordinarily reflected in Modern Israeli Hebrew pronunciation.

Inflection[edit]

  • מִ־‏ shares its inflected forms with מִן (min).

References[edit]