מ־

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Hebrew[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From מִן ‎(min), by assimilation of the /n/ to the following consonant.

Preposition[edit]

מִ־ ‎(mi-)

  1. From, of, from inside.
    1. Introducing a noun or other nominal.
      יצתי מהחדר.‎ ― yatzáti mehakhéder. ― I left [literally went out from] the room.
      מתי מגיעה הטיסה מתל אביב?‎ ― matái magi'á hatisá mitel-avív? ― When does the flight from Tel Aviv arrive?
    2. Introducing a prepositional phrase or other adverbial.
      הכרתי אותו מלפני הרבה שנים.‎ ― hikárti otó milifnéi harbé shaním. ― I've known him since many years ago [literally from before many years].
  2. Than, more than.
    הוא יותר גבוה ממנה.‎ ― hu yotér gavóah miménah. ― He is taller than her [literally more tall than her].
    הוא גבוה ממנה.‎ ― hu gavóah miménah. ― He is taller than her [literally tall than her].
  3. (in negative) Without, without the existence or presence of.
  4. Because of, due to, for.
    רק מסיבה אחת הסכמתי: ביקשת.‎ ― rak misibá akhát hiskámti: bikásht(a).For only one reason did I agree to: you asked.
  5. Used to construe various verbs.
    ביקשו ממך גם?‎ ― bikshú mimkhá/mimékh gam? ― Did they ask [literally ask from] you, too?
    כולם מפחדים ממנו.‎ ― kulám m'fakh'dím miménu. ― Everyone is afraid of him/us.
    ניסינו למנוע את זה מלקרות.‎ ― nisínu limnóa et ze milikrót. ― We tried to prevent it from happening.
    שכחנו מההצגה.‎ ― shakhákhnu mehahatzagá. ― We forgot about the play.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In writing with niqqud, the preposition מִ־ induces a dagesh forte (gemination) in the following consonant, unless that consonant is a guttural one, and thus, does not accept dagesh (i.e. א, ה, ח, ע, or ר), in which case the preposition becomes מֵ־ ‎(me-), except before חוט ‎(khut, thread), חוץ ‎(khutz, outside), היות ‎(h'yot, be), where it remains מִ־. However, neither gemination nor the vowel change is ordinarily reflected in Modern Israeli Hebrew pronunciation.

Inflection[edit]

  • מִ־ shares its inflected forms with מִן ‎(min).

References[edit]