أس

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Arabic[edit]

Alternative form[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ء س س (ʾ-s-s). The Arabic root is weakly developed; thus is concluded that all other words in it are denominal from this noun and this noun is, similarly to other architectural terms, borrowed from Aramaic אוּשָּׁא (ʾūšā, foundation), from Akkadian [Term?] (/uššu/, foundation).

Noun[edit]

أُسّ or أَسّ (ʾuss or ʾassm (plural إِسَاس (ʾisās) or آسَاس (ʾāsās))

  1. foundation, groundwork, basis
  2. (mathematics) power, exponent

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • ˀwš”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 11
  • Freytag, Georg (1830), “أس”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 33
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, page 61
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “أس”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 56
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (2011), “أس”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 22
  • Zimmern, Heinrich (1915) Akkadische Fremdwörter als Beweis für babylonischen Kultureinfluss (in German), Leipzig: A. Edelmann, page 31