جاهل

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from the active participle of جَهِلَ(jahila, to be ignorant), from the root ج ه ل(j-h-l).

Adjective[edit]

جَاهِل (jāhil) (feminine جَاهِلَة(jāhila), common plural جُهَّل(juhhal), masculine plural جَاهِلُون(jāhilūn) or جُهَّال(juhhāl) or جُهَلَاء(juhalāʾ) or جَهَلَة(jahala), feminine plural جَاهِلَات(jāhilāt) or جَوَاهِل(jawāhil), elative أَجْهَل(ʾajhal))

  1. ignorant, illiterate, uneducated
  2. foolish
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 25:63:
      وَعِبَادُ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَمۡشُونَ عَلَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ هَوۡنࣰا وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ ٱلۡجَـٰهِلُونَ قَالُوا۟ سَلَـٰمࣰا
      waʿibādu r-raḥmāni llaḏīna yamšūna ʿalā l-ʾarḍi hawnan waʾiḏā ḵāṭabahumu l-jāhilūna qālū salāman
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Gulf Arabic: ياهل(yāhil, kid, child)
  • Azerbaijani: cahil
  • Malay: jahil
  • Middle Armenian: ջահիլ (ǰahil)
  • Persian: جاهل(jâhel)
  • Romani: zhukel
  • Turkish: cahil

Persian[edit]

Dari Persian جاهل
Iranian Persian
Tajik ҷоҳил (johil)

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic جاهل(jāhil, ignorant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

جاهل (jâhel) (comparative جاهل‌تر‎, superlative جاهل‌ترین‎)

  1. foolish, unwise
  2. ignorant, uninformed
  3. (informal, now rare) young

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]