خمسة

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See also: حمسة

Arabic[edit]

Arabic numbers (edit)
50
 ←  4 ٥
5
6  → 
    Cardinal: خَمْسَة (ḵamsa)
    Ordinal: خَامِس(ḵāmis)
    Multiplier: خُمَاسِيّ(ḵumāsiyy), مُخَمَّس(muḵammas)
    Distributive: خُمَاسَ(ḵumāsa)
    Fractional: خُمُس(ḵumus), خُمْس(ḵums)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ḫamš-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

خَمْسَة (ḵamsam (feminine خَمْس(ḵams))

  1. five
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 58:7:
      أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۖ مَا يَكُونُ مِنْ نَجْوَىٰ ثَلَاثَةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ رَابِعُهُمْ وَلَا خَمْسَةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ سَادِسُهُمْ []
      ʾalam tara ʾanna l-laha yaʿlamu mā fī s-samāwāti wamā fī l-ʾarḍi mā yakūnu min najwā ṯalāṯatin ʾillā huwa rābiʿuhum walā ḵamsatin ʾillā huwa sādisuhum []
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Excepting "one" and "two", all the cardinal numbers may precede or succeed the modified noun or substantive. Prepositive use is more usual, however.
  • The cardinal numbers "three" to "nine" exhibit polarity: they differ in gender from the modified noun or substantive. Polarity is also possible even when the number is postposed.

Descendants[edit]

  • Egyptian Arabic: خمسة(ḵamsa)
  • Gulf Arabic: خمسة(ḵamsa)
  • Maltese: ħamsa
  • Moroccan Arabic: خمسة(ḵamsa)
  • Hebrew: חַמְסָה(ḥamsa)

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic خَمْسَة(ḵamsa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

خمسة (ḵamsam

  1. five

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Moroccan Arabic numbers (edit)
50
[a], [b] ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: خمسة
    Ordinal: خامس
    Fractional: خمس

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic خَمْسَة(ḵamsa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /xam.sa/
  • (file)

Numeral[edit]

خمسة (ḵamsam (feminine خمس(ḵams))

  1. five

Descendants[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

South Levantine Arabic numbers (edit)
50
 ←  4 ٥
5
6  → 
    Cardinal: خمسة
    Ordinal: خامس
    Fractional: خمس

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic خَمْسَة(ḵamsa).

Numeral[edit]

خمسة (ḵamse?

  1. five

Usage notes[edit]

  • When followed by a noun, the short form خمس(ḵams) is used.