فرعون

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The word is not attested before the Qurʾān and the probabilities are that the immediate source for the Arabic is the Classical Syriacܦܹܪܥܘܼܢ(pɛrʕūn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

فِرْعَوْن (firʕawnm

  1. (without article) Pharaoh (Quranic or Biblical antagonist of Moses)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

فِرْعَوْن (firʕawnm (pluralفَرَاعِنَة(farāʕina))

  1. a pharaoh (an ancient Egyptian ruler)
  2. (figurative) a despotic person; one who abuses their power, a tyrant

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, page 225
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “فرعون”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

Kohistani Shina[edit]

Noun[edit]

فرعون (fir'on)

  1. pharaoh

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from the Arabicفِرْعَوْن(firʕawn).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? fir'awn
Dari reading? fir'awn
Iranian reading? fer'own
Tajik reading? firʾavn

Noun[edit]

Dari فرعون
Iranian Persian
Tajik фиръавн

فرعون (fer'own) (pluralفراعنه(farâ'ene) orفرعون‌ها(fer'own-hâ))

  1. pharaoh

Urdu[edit]

Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicفِرْعَوْن(firʕawn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

فرعون (fir‘aunm (formal pluralفراعنہ⁩, Hindi spelling फ़िरौन)

  1. pharaoh

Declension[edit]

Declension of ⁧فرعون
singular plural
direct فِرْعَون(fir'aun) فِرْعَون(fir'aun)
oblique فِرْعَون(fir'aun) فِرْعَونوں(fir'aunō̃)
vocative فِرْعَون(fir'aun) فِرْعَونو(fir'aunō)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • فرعون”, in اُردُو لُغَت(urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • فرعون”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت(rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English] (in English), Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.