يلب

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from the form Arabic عُلَب(ʿulab), collective of عُلْبَة(ʿulba, a milking-vessel or drinking-bowl of skin or of wood or of skin and wood; a piece of skin taken from the side of a camel's hide while it is fresh; it is made round, and filled with soft sand; then its edges are drawn together, and perforated with a wooden skewer, and it is bound so as to be closed, thus contracted, by a cord passed through the holes made with the skewer, and left until it becomes dry and tough; then its upper part is cut off, and it stands by reason of its dryness, resembling a round bowl, as though it were carved out, or fashioned by the turner; the pastor and the rider suspend it, and milk into it, and drink out of it; and it is convenient to the man of the desert by its lightness, and its not breaking when the camel shakes it about or when it falls to the ground), or عِلَب(ʿilab, a hard thing, particularly flesh-meat), from the root ع ل ب(ʿ-l-b) deriving meanings of the idea “hard, tough, coarse, firm”, passed through Turkic, such as عَلَف(ʿalaf) became Turkic یولاف‎(yulaf) and Turkic ı or u or i in this position becomes a in Arabic anyway as KiLaM and KuLaM are infrequent patterns in Arabic (for example قیشله(kışla)قَشْلَة‎(qašla), تیمار(timar, tımar)تمر(tamar), فشك(fişek)فَشَك(fašak) and many more).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

يَلَب (yalabm (collective, singulative يَلَبَة‎ f (yalaba)) (obsolete)

  1. skin of the back of a wild beast
  2. leather or felt war-gear, soft field accoutrements (armour as well as shields, and possibly helmets)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • يلب” in Almaany
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “يلب”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 353b
  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “يلب”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 522b
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “يلب”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 1633b