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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܚ-ܫ-ܚ (ḥ-š-ḥ) related to being suitable or useful.


  • IPA(key): [ħ(ə)ʃaħtɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ħaʃħɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܚܫܚܬܐ (transliteration neededf (plural ܚܫܚܬܐ)

  1. use, usefulness, utility, employment
  2. need, necessity
  3. want
  4. supply, provision, subsistence
  5. signification
  6. (grammar) use, dialect, phrase, word



  • x$xh”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 119a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 162a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 500b