अभ्र

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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative spellings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally derived from Proto-Indo-Iranian *abʰrás (asynchronically analyzable as अब् (ab, water) + भ्र (bhra, bearer)), from Proto-Indo-European *n̥bʰrós. Cognates include Latin imber and Ancient Greek ἀφρός (aphrós). Compare also the root अभ्र् (abhr, to err or wander)

Noun[edit]

अभ्र (abhrán

  1. cloud, thunder-cloud, rainy weather
    Synonyms: मेघ (megha), वाणी (vāṇī)
  2. sky, atmosphere
  3. (arithmetic) a cypher
  4. dust
  5. (medicine) talc, mica
  6. gold
  7. camphor
  8. rattan (Calamus rotang)
  9. Cyperus rotundus

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of अभ्र
Nom. sg. अभ्रः (abhraḥ)
Gen. sg. अभ्रस्य (abhrasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अभ्रः (abhraḥ) अभ्रौ (abhrau) अभ्राः (abhrāḥ)
Vocative अभ्र (abhra) अभ्रौ (abhrau) अभ्राः (abhrāḥ)
Accusative अभ्रम् (abhram) अभ्रौ (abhrau) अभ्रान् (abhrān)
Instrumental अभ्रेण (abhreṇa) अभ्राभ्याम् (abhrābhyām) अभ्रैः (abhraiḥ)
Dative अभ्राय (abhrāya) अभ्राभ्याम् (abhrābhyām) अभ्रेभ्यः (abhrebhyaḥ)
Ablative अभ्रात् (abhrāt) अभ्राभ्याम् (abhrābhyām) अभ्रेभ्यः (abhrebhyaḥ)
Genitive अभ्रस्य (abhrasya) अभ्रयोः (abhrayoḥ) अभ्राणाम् (abhrāṇām)
Locative अभ्रे (abhre) अभ्रयोः (abhrayoḥ) अभ्रेषु (abhreṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0079