अयस्

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit अयस् (áyas).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

अयस् (ayasm

  1. (uncommon) iron
    Synonyms: लोहा (lohā), लोह (loh)

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háyas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éyos (metal). Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬀𐬵 (aiiah) Latin aes, Old English ār (whence English ore).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɐ́.jɐs̪/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɐ.jɐs̪/
  • Noun[edit]

    अयस् (áyasn

    1. metal
    2. copper
    3. bronze
    4. iron
    5. Iron weapon (as an axe)
    6. gold
    7. steel

    Declension[edit]

    Neuter as-stem declension of अयस् (áyas)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative अयः
    áyaḥ
    अयसी
    áyasī
    अयांसि
    áyāṃsi
    Vocative अयः
    áyaḥ
    अयसी
    áyasī
    अयांसि
    áyāṃsi
    Accusative अयः
    áyaḥ
    अयसी
    áyasī
    अयांसि
    áyāṃsi
    Instrumental अयसा
    áyasā
    अयोभ्याम्
    áyobhyām
    अयोभिः
    áyobhiḥ
    Dative अयसे
    áyase
    अयोभ्याम्
    áyobhyām
    अयोभ्यः
    áyobhyaḥ
    Ablative अयसः
    áyasaḥ
    अयोभ्याम्
    áyobhyām
    अयोभ्यः
    áyobhyaḥ
    Genitive अयसः
    áyasaḥ
    अयसोः
    áyasoḥ
    अयसाम्
    áyasām
    Locative अयसि
    áyasi
    अयसोः
    áyasoḥ
    अयःसु
    áyaḥsu

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 85