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See also: अश्वा


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Borrowing from Sanskrit अश्व(áśva), from Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos.


अश्व (aśvm

  1. horse


Declension of अश्व
singular plural
direct अश्व(aśva) अश्व(aśva)
oblique अश्व(aśva) अश्वों(aśvõ)
vocative अश्व(aśva) अश्वो(aśvo)




From Proto-Indo-Iranian [Term?] (compare Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬞𐬀(aspa), Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎱(aspa)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos(horse) (compare Lithuanian ašva, Ancient Greek ἵππος(híppos) and Latin equus), possibly from *h₁oh₁ḱus(swift), whence also Sanskrit आशु(āśú, fast, quick).


अश्व (áśvam

  1. horse, stallion
    • RV 1.161.3b
      अग्निं दूतं परति यदब्रवीतनाश्वः कर्त्वो रथ उतेह कर्त्वः |
      धेनुः कर्त्वा युवशा कर्त्वा दवा तानि भरातरनु वः कर्त्व्येमसि ||
      aghniṃ dūtaṃ prati yadabravītanāśvaḥ kartvo ratha uteha kartvaḥ |
      dhenuḥ kartvā yuvaśā kartvā dvā tāni bhrātaranu vaḥ kṛtvyemasi ||
      What to the envoy Agni in reply ye spake, A courser must be made, a chariot fashioned here,
      A cow must be created, and the Twain made young. When we have done these things, Brother, we turn to you.
  2. (chess) knight
  3. the number "seven" (that being the number of the horses of the sun)
  4. Sagittarius
  5. a particular kind of lover (horse-like in strength)
  6. name of a teacher (with the patronym Sāmudri)
  7. name of a son of Citraka
  8. name of a Dānava


Masculine a-stem declension of अश्व
Nom. sg. अश्वः(aśvaḥ)
Gen. sg. अश्वस्य(aśvasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अश्वः(aśvaḥ) अश्वौ(aśvau) अश्वाः(aśvāḥ)
Vocative अश्व(aśva) अश्वौ(aśvau) अश्वाः(aśvāḥ)
Accusative अश्वम्(aśvam) अश्वौ(aśvau) अश्वान्(aśvān)
Instrumental अश्वेन(aśvena) अश्वाभ्याम्(aśvābhyām) अश्वैः(aśvaiḥ)
Dative अश्वाय(aśvāya) अश्वाभ्याम्(aśvābhyām) अश्वेभ्यः(aśvebhyaḥ)
Ablative अश्वात्(aśvāt) अश्वाभ्याम्(aśvābhyām) अश्वेभ्यः(aśvebhyaḥ)
Genitive अश्वस्य(aśvasya) अश्वयोः(aśvayoḥ) अश्वानाम्(aśvānām)
Locative अश्वे(aśve) अश्वयोः(aśvayoḥ) अश्वेषु(aśveṣu)

Derived terms[edit]



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0114
  • Alexander Lubotsky, A Rgvedic Word Concordance, American Oriental Society, 1997, lemma áśva