अश्व

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अश्व

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit अश्व (aśva), from Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos.

Noun[edit]

अश्व (aśvm

  1. horse

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian (compare Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬞𐬀 (aspa), Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎱 (aspa)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos, from Proto-Indo-European *ōḱu- (swift), whence also Sanskrit आशु (āśu). Other Indo-European cognates include Lithuanian ašva, Ancient Greek ἵππος (híppos) and Latin equus.

Noun[edit]

अश्व (áśvam

  1. horse, stallion
    • RV 1.161.3b
      अग्निं दूतं परति यदब्रवीतनाश्वः कर्त्वो रथ उतेह कर्त्वः |
      धेनुः कर्त्वा युवशा कर्त्वा दवा तानि भरातरनु वः कर्त्व्येमसि ||
      aghniṃ dūtaṃ prati yadabravītanāśvaḥ kartvo ratha uteha kartvaḥ |
      dhenuḥ kartvā yuvaśā kartvā dvā tāni bhrātaranu vaḥ kṛtvyemasi ||
      What to the envoy Agni in reply ye spake, A courser must be made, a chariot fashioned here,
      A cow must be created, and the Twain made young. When we have done these things, Brother, we turn to you.
  2. (chess) the horse (knight?)
  3. the number "seven" (that being the number of the horses of the sun)
  4. the archer (in the Zodiac)
  5. a particular kind of lover (horse-like in strength)
  6. name of a teacher (with the patronym Sāmudri)
  7. name of a son of Citraka
  8. name of a Dānava

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0114
  • Alexander Lubotsky, A Rgvedic Word Concordance, American Oriental Society, 1997, lemma áśva