अश्व

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See also: अश्वा

Hindi[edit]

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अश्व

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अश्व (áśva), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háĉwas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos.

Noun[edit]

अश्व (aśvm (Urdu spelling اشو)

  1. horse

Declension[edit]

Declension of अश्व
Singular Plural
Direct अश्व (aśva) अश्व (aśva)
Oblique अश्व (aśva) अश्वों (aśvõ)
Vocative अश्व (aśva) अश्वो (aśvo)

Synonyms[edit]


Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अश्व (aśva), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háĉwas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos (horse)

Noun[edit]

अश्व (transliteration neededm

  1. horse
    Synonyms: अश्व

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háśwas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háĉwas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos (horse). Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬞𐬀 (aspa), Old Persian 𐎠𐎿 (a-s /asa/), Lithuanian ašva, Ancient Greek ἵππος (híppos) Latin equus, Old English eoh.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɐ́ɕ.ʋɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɐɕ.ʋɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    अश्व (áśvam

    1. horse, stallion
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.161.3
        अग्निं दूतं प्रति यदब्रवीतनाश्वः कर्त्वो रथ उतेह कर्त्वः ।
        धेनुः कर्त्वा युवशा कर्त्वा द्वा तानि भ्रातरनु वः कृत्व्येमसि ॥
        agniṃ dūtaṃ prati yadabravītanāśvaḥ kartvo ratha uteha kartvaḥ .
        dhenuḥ kartvā yuvaśā kartvā dvā tāni bhrātaranu vaḥ kṛtvyemasi .
        What to the envoy Agni in reply ye spake, a courser must be made, a chariot fashioned here,
        A cow must be created, and the Twain made young. When we have done these things, Brother, we turn to you.
    2. (chess) knight
    3. the number "seven" (that being the number of the horses of the sun)
    4. Sagittarius

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of अश्व (áśva)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative अश्वः
    áśvaḥ
    अश्वौ
    áśvau
    अश्वाः / अश्वासः¹
    áśvāḥ / áśvāsaḥ¹
    Vocative अश्व
    áśva
    अश्वौ
    áśvau
    अश्वाः / अश्वासः¹
    áśvāḥ / áśvāsaḥ¹
    Accusative अश्वम्
    áśvam
    अश्वौ
    áśvau
    अश्वान्
    áśvān
    Instrumental अश्वेन
    áśvena
    अश्वाभ्याम्
    áśvābhyām
    अश्वैः / अश्वेभिः¹
    áśvaiḥ / áśvebhiḥ¹
    Dative अश्वाय
    áśvāya
    अश्वाभ्याम्
    áśvābhyām
    अश्वेभ्यः
    áśvebhyaḥ
    Ablative अश्वात्
    áśvāt
    अश्वाभ्याम्
    áśvābhyām
    अश्वेभ्यः
    áśvebhyaḥ
    Genitive अश्वस्य
    áśvasya
    अश्वयोः
    áśvayoḥ
    अश्वानाम्
    áśvānām
    Locative अश्वे
    áśve
    अश्वयोः
    áśvayoḥ
    अश्वेषु
    áśveṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0114
    • Alexander Lubotsky, A Rgvedic Word Concordance, American Oriental Society, 1997, lemma áśva