आरा

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See also: आर

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit आरा (ā́rā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɑː.ɾɑː/, [äː.ɾäː]

Noun[edit]

आरा (ārām

  1. awl
  2. saw

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ól-eh₂ (awl). Cognate with Old High German āla (whence German Ahle), Old English æl (whence English awl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

आरा (ā́rāf

  1. an awl (a small pointed instrument for piercing small holes in wood or leather; used by shoemakers)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.53.5:
      परि तृन्धि पणीनाम्आरया हृदया कवे ।
      अथेमस्मभ्यं रन्धय ॥
      pari tṛndhi paṇīnāmārayā hṛdayā kave .
      athemasmabhyaṃ randhaya .
      Penetrate with an awl, O Sage, the hearts of avaricious churls,
      And make them subject to our will.
  2. the knife of a shoemaker
  3. a saw

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of आरा (ā́rā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आरा
ā́rā
आरे
ā́re
आराः
ā́rāḥ
Vocative आरे
ā́re
आरे
ā́re
आराः
ā́rāḥ
Accusative आराम्
ā́rām
आरे
ā́re
आराः
ā́rāḥ
Instrumental आरया / आरा¹
ā́rayā / ā́rā¹
आराभ्याम्
ā́rābhyām
आराभिः
ā́rābhiḥ
Dative आरायै
ā́rāyai
आराभ्याम्
ā́rābhyām
आराभ्यः
ā́rābhyaḥ
Ablative आरायाः
ā́rāyāḥ
आराभ्याम्
ā́rābhyām
आराभ्यः
ā́rābhyaḥ
Genitive आरायाः
ā́rāyāḥ
आरयोः
ā́rayoḥ
आराणाम्
ā́rāṇām
Locative आरायाम्
ā́rāyām
आरयोः
ā́rayoḥ
आरासु
ā́rāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

  • Dardic: *ā́rā
  • Helu: [Term?]
  • Khotanese: [script needed] (ārä)
  • Magadhi Prakrit:
  • Pali: ārā
  • Sauraseni Prakrit:

References[edit]