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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂iHseh₂ (shaft). Cognates include Ancient Greek οἴαξ (oíax, handle of rudder, tiller, helm;), οἰήϊον (oiḗïon, handle of rudder), Hittite 𒄭𒅖𒊭𒀭 (ḫi-iš-ša- /ḫišša-/, carriage pole).

Confer also Finnish aisa (shaft; pole), borrowed from Baltic, whence borrowed from Slavic s-stem (compare Slovene ojẹ̑ (thill), genitive ojẹ̑sa).


ईषा (īṣā́f

  1. the pole or shafts of a carriage or plough
  2. (in the dual) the double or fork-shaped pole
  3. plank, boar
  4. a particular measure


Feminine ā-stem declension of ईषा
Nom. sg. ईषा (īṣā)
Gen. sg. ईषायाः (īṣāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ईषा (īṣā) ईषे (īṣe) ईषाः (īṣāḥ)
Vocative ईषे (īṣe) ईषे (īṣe) ईषाः (īṣāḥ)
Accusative ईषाम् (īṣām) ईषे (īṣe) ईषाः (īṣāḥ)
Instrumental ईषया (īṣayā) ईषाभ्याम् (īṣābhyām) ईषाभिः (īṣābhiḥ)
Dative ईषायै (īṣāyai) ईषाभ्याम् (īṣābhyām) ईषाभ्यः (īṣābhyaḥ)
Ablative ईषायाः (īṣāyāḥ) ईषाभ्याम् (īṣābhyām) ईषाभ्यः (īṣābhyaḥ)
Genitive ईषायाः (īṣāyāḥ) ईषयोः (īṣayoḥ) ईषाणाम् (īṣāṇām)
Locative ईषायाम् (īṣāyām) ईषयोः (īṣayoḥ) ईषासु (īṣāsu)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0171