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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂iHseh₂ ‎(shaft). Cognates include Ancient Greek οἴαξ ‎(oíax, handle of rudder, tiller, helm;), οἰήϊον ‎(oiḗïon, handle of rudder), Hittite 𒄭𒅖𒊭𒀭 ‎(ḫissa-, carriage pole).

Confer also Finnish aisa ‎(shaft; pole), borrowed from Baltic, whence borrowed from Slavic s-stem (compare Slovene ojẹ̑ ‎(thill), genitive ojẹ̑sa).


ईषा ‎(īṣā́f

  1. the pole or shafts of a carriage or plough
  2. (in the dual) the double or fork-shaped pole
  3. plank, boar
  4. a particular measure


Feminine ā-stem declension of ईषा
Nom. sg. ईषा ‎(īṣā)
Gen. sg. ईषायाः ‎(īṣāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ईषा ‎(īṣā) ईषे ‎(īṣe) ईषाः ‎(īṣāḥ)
Vocative ईषे ‎(īṣe) ईषे ‎(īṣe) ईषाः ‎(īṣāḥ)
Accusative ईषाम् ‎(īṣām) ईषे ‎(īṣe) ईषाः ‎(īṣāḥ)
Instrumental ईषया ‎(īṣayā) ईषाभ्याम् ‎(īṣābhyām) ईषाभिः ‎(īṣābhiḥ)
Dative ईषायै ‎(īṣāyai) ईषाभ्याम् ‎(īṣābhyām) ईषाभ्यः ‎(īṣābhyaḥ)
Ablative ईषायाः ‎(īṣāyāḥ) ईषाभ्याम् ‎(īṣābhyām) ईषाभ्यः ‎(īṣābhyaḥ)
Genitive ईषायाः ‎(īṣāyāḥ) ईषयोः ‎(īṣayoḥ) ईषाणाम् ‎(īṣāṇām)
Locative ईषायाम् ‎(īṣāyām) ईषयोः ‎(īṣayoḥ) ईषासु ‎(īṣāsu)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0171