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From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ćárati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *čárati, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷel- (to move; to turn (around)). Cognates include Ancient Greek πέλω (pélō), Latin colō and Avestan 𐬗𐬀𐬭𐬁𐬥𐬍 (carānī, I move, approach).


  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /t͡ɕɐ́.ɽɐ.t̪i/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈt͡ɕɐ.ɽɐ.t̪i/
  • Verb[edit]

    चरति (cárati) (class 1 present, root चर्)

    1. to move oneself, go, walk, move, stir, roam about, wander (said of men, animals, water, ships, stars, etc.)
    2. to spread, be diffused (as fire)
    3. to move or travel through, pervade, go along, follow
    4. to behave, conduct oneself, act, live, treat (with instrumental or locative)
    5. to be engaged in, occupied or busy with
    6. to have intercourse with, have to do with (+instrumental)
    7. to continue performing or being
    8. (astronomy) to be in any asterism or conjunction
    9. to undertake, set about, under go, observe, practise, do or act in general, effect, make
    10. to consume, eat (with accusative), graze
    11. to make or render (with double accusative)
    12. (causative) to cause to move or walk about
    13. (causative) to pasture
    14. (causative) to send, direct, turn, move
    15. (causative) to cause any one (in accusative) to walk through (+accusative)
    16. (causative) to drive away from (+ ablative)
    17. (causative) to cause any one (in accusative) to practise or perform (with accusative)
    18. (causative) to cause (any animal, +accusative) to eat
    19. (causative) to cause to copulate
    20. (causative) to ascertain (as through a spy instr.)
    21. (causative) to doubt
    22. (desiderative) to try to go
    23. (desiderative) to wish to act or conduct oneself
    24. (desiderative) to try to have intercourse with
    25. (intensive) to move quickly or repeatedly, walk about, roam about (in locative)
    26. (intensive) to act wantonly or coquettishly