लोप

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit लोप (lópa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /loːp/, [l̪oːp]

Noun[edit]

लोप (lopm

  1. (rare, formal) cutting off, mutilation, destruction, omission, dropping or falling out, disappearance, rejection, annulling, cancelling, erasure
  2. (grammar) elision, apocope

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hláwpas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hláwpas, from Proto-Indo-European *Hrówp-o-s, from the root *Hrewp- (to break, tear (up)) +‎ *-os. Cognate with Proto-Germanic *raubaz (rape; robbery).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

लोप (lópam

  1. breaking, hurting, injury, destruction, interruption
  2. neglect, violation, transgression (of a vow or duty)
  3. robbing, plundering
  4. want, deficiency, absence, disappearance
  5. (grammar) dropping, elision

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of लोप (lópa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative लोपः
lópaḥ
लोपौ
lópau
लोपाः / लोपासः¹
lópāḥ / lópāsaḥ¹
Vocative लोप
lópa
लोपौ
lópau
लोपाः / लोपासः¹
lópāḥ / lópāsaḥ¹
Accusative लोपम्
lópam
लोपौ
lópau
लोपान्
lópān
Instrumental लोपेन
lópena
लोपाभ्याम्
lópābhyām
लोपैः / लोपेभिः¹
lópaiḥ / lópebhiḥ¹
Dative लोपाय
lópāya
लोपाभ्याम्
lópābhyām
लोपेभ्यः
lópebhyaḥ
Ablative लोपात्
lópāt
लोपाभ्याम्
lópābhyām
लोपेभ्यः
lópebhyaḥ
Genitive लोपस्य
lópasya
लोपयोः
lópayoḥ
लोपानाम्
lópānām
Locative लोपे
lópe
लोपयोः
lópayoḥ
लोपेषु
lópeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

  • → Hindustani: (learned)
    Hindi: लोप (lop)

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) , “LOP”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 482
  2. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011) , “lop”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University