विधवा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit विधवा (vidhavā), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁widʰéwh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

विधवा (vidhvāf

  1. widow (woman who has lost a husband)

Declension[edit]

Declension of विधवा
Singular Plural
Direct विधवा (vidhvā) विधवाएँ (vidhvāẽ)
Oblique विधवा (vidhvā) विधवाओं (vidhvāon)
Vocative विधवा (vidhvā) विधवाओ (vidhvāo)

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *HwidʰáwaH, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁widʰéwh₂. Cognates include Latin vidua, Ancient Greek ἠΐθεος (ēḯtheos), Old English widewe (English widow) and Russian вдова (vdova).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ʋi.d̪ʱɐ́.ʋɑː/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈʋi.d̪ʱɐ.ʋɑː/
  • Noun[edit]

    विधवा (vidhávāf

    1. husbandless woman, widow
    2. a country bereft of a king

    Declension[edit]

    Feminine ā-stem declension of विधवा (vidhávā)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative विधवा
    vidhávā
    विधवे
    vidháve
    विधवाः
    vidhávāḥ
    Vocative विधवे
    vídhave
    विधवे
    vídhave
    विधवाः
    vídhavāḥ
    Accusative विधवाम्
    vidhávām
    विधवे
    vidháve
    विधवाः
    vidhávāḥ
    Instrumental विधवया / विधवा¹
    vidhávayā / vidhávā¹
    विधवाभ्याम्
    vidhávābhyām
    विधवाभिः
    vidhávābhiḥ
    Dative विधवायै
    vidhávāyai
    विधवाभ्याम्
    vidhávābhyām
    विधवाभ्यः
    vidhávābhyaḥ
    Ablative विधवायाः
    vidhávāyāḥ
    विधवाभ्याम्
    vidhávābhyām
    विधवाभ्यः
    vidhávābhyaḥ
    Genitive विधवायाः
    vidhávāyāḥ
    विधवयोः
    vidhávayoḥ
    विधवानाम्
    vidhávānām
    Locative विधवायाम्
    vidhávāyām
    विधवयोः
    vidhávayoḥ
    विधवासु
    vidhávāsu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0967