विधवा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit विधवा (vidhavā), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁widʰéwh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (standard) IPA(key): /ʋɪd̪ʱ.ʋɑː/

Noun[edit]

विधवा (vidhvāf

  1. widow (woman who has lost a husband)

Declension[edit]

Declension of विधवा
singular plural
direct विधवा (vidhvā) विधवाएँ (vidhvāẽ)
oblique विधवा (vidhvā) विधवाओं (vidhvāon)
vocative विधवा (vidhvā) विधवाओ (vidhvāo)

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁widʰéwh₂. Cognates include Latin vidua, Ancient Greek ἠΐθεος (ēḯtheos) and indirectly Old English widewe (English widow) and Russian вдова (vdova).

Noun[edit]

विधवा (vidhavāf

  1. husbandless woman, widow (also with नारी (nārī), योषित् (yoṣit), स्त्री (strī) etc.)
  2. a country bereft of a king

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of विधवा
Nom. sg. विधवा (vidhavā)
Gen. sg. विधवायाः (vidhavāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative विधवा (vidhavā) विधवे (vidhave) विधवाः (vidhavāḥ)
Vocative विधवे (vidhave) विधवे (vidhave) विधवाः (vidhavāḥ)
Accusative विधवाम् (vidhavām) विधवे (vidhave) विधवाः (vidhavāḥ)
Instrumental विधवया (vidhavayā) विधवाभ्याम् (vidhavābhyām) विधवाभिः (vidhavābhiḥ)
Dative विधवायै (vidhavāyai) विधवाभ्याम् (vidhavābhyām) विधवाभ्यः (vidhavābhyaḥ)
Ablative विधवायाः (vidhavāyāḥ) विधवाभ्याम् (vidhavābhyām) विधवाभ्यः (vidhavābhyaḥ)
Genitive विधवायाः (vidhavāyāḥ) विधवयोः (vidhavayoḥ) विधवानाम् (vidhavānām)
Locative विधवायाम् (vidhavāyām) विधवयोः (vidhavayoḥ) विधवासु (vidhavāsu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0967