สยาม

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of uncertain origin. Possibly from Old Khmer siama(Siam), whose origin is not known. Compare Modern Khmer សៀម(siĕm), ស្យាម(syam).

Officially used as the name of the country from the reign of Mongkut (1851‑68) until 24 June 1939, when the country was renamed ประเทศไทย(bprà-têet-tai, Thailand).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic สยาม
s y ā m
Phonemic สะ-หฺยาม
s a – h ̥ y ā m
[bound form]
สะ-หฺยาม-มะ-
s a – h ̥ y ā m – m a –
Paiboon sà-yǎam sà-yǎam-má-
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /sä(ʔ)˨˩.jäːm˩˩˦/ /sä(ʔ)˨˩.jäːm˩˩˦.mä(ʔ)˦˥./
Homophones ศยาม
Audio

Adjective[edit]

สยาม ‎(sà-yǎam)

  1. (historical) Siamese.

Proper noun[edit]

สยาม ‎(sà-yǎam)

  1. (historical) Siam.
  2. (historical) Siamese.

Noun[edit]

สยาม ‎(sà-yǎam)

  1. (historical) Siamese.

Usage notes[edit]

Now still in use as a ceremonious, literary, poetical, metaphorical, or humorous reference to Thailand.

Derived terms[edit]