კალმახა

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Laz[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Kartvelian *ḳalmax- (fish).[1][2] Cognate with Georgian კალმახი (ḳalmaxi) and Svan კალმახ (ḳalmax), კალმა̈ხ (ḳalmäx), კალმახუ̂ (ḳalmaxû).

On the other hand, Marr derives from Armenian կարմրախայտ (karmraxayt).[3] Mentioning Marr's proposal, Ačaṙean remarks that the Armenian word is attested already in Grigor Magistros.[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kˈɑlmɑxɑ/
  • Hyphenation: კალ‧მა‧ხა

Noun[edit]

კალმახა (ḳalmaxa)[3]

  1. trout

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, S. A. (2005), “*ḳalmax-”, in Kartvelian etymological database compiled on the basis of G. Klimov's and Fähnrich-Sarjveladze's etymological dictionaries of Kartvelian languages
  2. ^ Kartvelian and the Issue of Glottalization in Nostratic, Arnaud Fournet
  3. 3.0 3.1 Marr, N. (1910), “კალმახა”, in Grammatika čanskago (lazskago) jazyka s xrestomatijeju i slovarem [Grammar of the Chan (Laz) Language with a Reader and a Dictionary] (Materialy po jafetičeskomu jazykoznaniju; 2) (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 151a
  4. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “կարմրախայտ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 559b