კალმახი

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Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Starostin reconstructs Proto-Georgian-Zan *ḳalmax- (fish). Cognate with Laz კალმახა (ḳalmaxa) and Svan კალმახ (ḳalmax), კალმა̈ხ (ḳalmäx), კალმახუ̂ (ḳalmaxû).

On the other hand, Marr derives from Armenian կարմրախայտ (karmraxayt).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kʼɑlmɑxi/
  • Hyphenation: კალ‧მა‧ხი

Noun[edit]

კალმახი (ḳalmaxi) (plural კალმახები)

  1. trout

Inflection[edit]

.Georgian.inflection-table tr:hover
{
        background-color:#EBEBEB;
}

References[edit]

  • Starostin, S. A. (2005), “*ḳalmax-”, in Kartvelian etymological database compiled on the basis of G. Klimov's and Fähnrich-Sarjveladze's etymological dictionaries of Kartvelian languages
  • Kartvelian and the Issue of Glottalization in Nostratic, Arnaud Fournet
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “կարմրախայտ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Marr, N. (1910), “კალმახა”, in Grammatika čanskago (lazskago) jazyka s xrestomatijeju i slovarem [Grammar of the Chan (Laz) Language with a Reader and a Dictionary] (Materialy po jafetičeskomu jazykoznaniju; 2) (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 151a