ოთხი

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Georgian[edit]

Georgian cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : ოთხი (otxi)
    Ordinal : მეოთხე (meotxe)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Georgian ოთხი (otxi), from Proto-Kartvelian *otxo-. Cognate with Mingrelian ოთხი (otxi), Laz ოთხო (otxo) and Svan უოშთხუ (uoštxu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ოთხი (otxi)

  1. (cardinal) four

Mingrelian[edit]

Mingrelian cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : ოთხი (otxi)
    Ordinal : მაოთხა (maotxa)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Kartvelian *otxo-, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw. Cognates include Georgian ოთხი (otxi); see below for more.

Numeral[edit]

ოთხი (otxi)

  1. four

Old Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Kartvelian *otxo-, which is an early borrowing of the Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

Numeral[edit]

ოთხი (otxi)

  1. four

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • penrixi (Fähnrich), hainc; sarǯvelaʒe, zurab (2000) kartvelur enata eṭimologiuri leksiḳoni [Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Tbilisi Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani State University Press, page 365
  • Fähnrich, Heinz (2007) Kartwelisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch [Kartvelian Etymological Dictionary] (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.18) (in German), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 325
  • Klimov, Georgij A. (1998) Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 16), New York, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, page 145
  • abulaʒe, ilia (1973), “ოთხი”, in ʒveli kartuli enis leksiḳoni (masalebi) [Dictionary of Old Georgian (Materials)] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Metsniereba, page 332
  • Kajaia, Otar (2005), “ოთხი”, in megrul-kartuli leksiḳoni [Mingrelian–Georgian Dictionary], online version prepared by Joost Gippert, Frankfurt am Main, published 2001–2004, page 1100