ἀδελφός

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See also: αδελφός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-gʷelbʰ- (one/same womb), from *gʷelbʰ- (womb), equivalent to ἁ- (ha-, copulative prefix) +‎ δελφύς (delphús, womb). The initial /h/ is lost due to Grassmann's Law. Cognate to Sanskrit सगर्भ्य (ságarbhya, brother).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

ᾰ̓δελφός (adelphósm (feminine ᾰ̓δελφή, neuter ᾰ̓δελφόν); first/second declension (Attic)

  1. brotherly or sisterly
    • 467 BCE, Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes 811:
      οὕτως ἀδελφαῖς χερσὶν ἠναίρονθ’ ἅμα;
      hoútōs adelphaîs khersìn ēnaíronth’ háma?
      • 1926 translation by Herbert Weir Smyth
        Then with hands so fraternal did they each kill the other together?
  2. double
  3. closely related, akin

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

ἀδελφός (adelphósm (genitive ἀδελφοῦ); second declension

  1. brother

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]