ἀκούω

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See also: ακούω

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *akouyō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱh₂owsyóh₂, and cognate with English hear. In this word, the diphthong ου (ou) is genuine (see spurious diphthong on Wikipedia for an explanation).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /a.kǒː.ɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /aˈku.o/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /aˈku.o/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /aˈku.o/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /aˈku.o/
  • Verb[edit]

    ᾰ̓κούω (akoúō)

    1. (transitive) I hear [+accusative = something], [+genitive = someone]
    2. (transitive) I hear about, learn
    3. (transitive) I listen, pay attention to, heed
    4. (transitive) I understand
    5. (transitive) I obey
    6. (passive) I am called, am spoken of, am known as

    Usage notes[edit]

    Usually, the object which is heard takes the accusative case, while the speaker, when present, takes the genitive. Sometimes the object is in the genitive, or the person is introduced with a preposition.

    Inflection[edit]

    Attic uses the future middle ἀκούσομαι (akoúsomai), while future active ἀκούσω (akoúsō) appears in Koine.

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]