ἀκούω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE roots
*h₂ew-
*h₂eḱ-

From Proto-Hellenic *akouyō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱh₂owsyéti, and cognate with English hear.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ἀκούω ‎(akoúō)

  1. I hear [+accusative = something], [+genitive = someone]
  2. I hear about, learn
  3. I listen, pay attention to, heed
  4. I understand
  5. I obey
  6. (passive) I am called, am spoken of, am known as

Usage notes[edit]

Usually, the object which is heard takes the accusative case, while the speaker, when present, takes the genitive. Sometimes the object is in the genitive, or the person is introduced with a preposition.

Inflection[edit]

Future middle ἀκούσομαι ‎(akoúsomai) is used in Attic, future active ἀκούσω ‎(akoúsō) only in Koine.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]