ἀκούω

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See also: ακούω

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *akouyō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱh₂owsyóh₂, and cognate with English hear. In this word, the diphthong ου (ou) is genuine (see spurious diphthong on Wikipedia for an explanation).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ᾰ̓κούω (akoúō)

  1. (transitive) I hear [+accusative = something], [+genitive = someone]
  2. (transitive) I hear about, learn
  3. (transitive) I listen, pay attention to, heed
  4. (transitive) I understand
  5. (transitive) I obey
  6. (passive) I am called, am spoken of, am known as

Usage notes[edit]

Usually, the object which is heard takes the accusative case, while the speaker, when present, takes the genitive. Sometimes the object is in the genitive, or the person is introduced with a preposition.

Inflection[edit]

Attic uses the future middle ἀκούσομαι (akoúsomai), while future active ἀκούσω (akoúsō) appears in Koine.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]