ἀκούω

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See also: ακούω

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *akouyō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱh₂owsyéti, and cognate with English hear. In this word, the diphthong ου(ou) is genuine (see spurious diphthong on Wikipedia for an explanation).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ᾰ̓κούω ‎(akoúō)

  1. (transitive) I hear [+accusative = something], [+genitive = someone]
  2. (transitive) I hear about, learn
  3. (transitive) I listen, pay attention to, heed
  4. (transitive) I understand
  5. (transitive) I obey
  6. (passive) I am called, am spoken of, am known as

Usage notes[edit]

Usually, the object which is heard takes the accusative case, while the speaker, when present, takes the genitive. Sometimes the object is in the genitive, or the person is introduced with a preposition.

Inflection[edit]

Attic uses the future middle ἀκούσομαι(akoúsomai), while future active ἀκούσω(akoúsō) appears in Koine.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ἀκούω in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἀκούω in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἀκούω in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ἀκούω» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ἀκούω in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • G191”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • BDAG
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill