ἀλέκτωρ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /a.lék.tɔːr/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /aˈlɛk.tor/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /aˈlek.tor/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /aˈlek.tor/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /aˈlek.tor/
  • Etymology 1[edit]

    From ᾰ̓λέξω (aléxō, I ward off) +‎ -τωρ (-tōr, -er).

    Noun[edit]

    ᾰ̓λέκτωρ (aléktōrm (genitive ᾰ̓λέκτορος); third declension

    1. cock, rooster
      • 458 BCE, Aeschylus, Agamemnon 1671
        κόμπασον θαρσῶν, ἀλέκτωρ ὥστε θηλείας πέλας
        kómpason tharsôn, aléktōr hṓste thēleías pélas
        Brag in your bravery like a cock beside his hen.
    2. husband, consort
      • Tz., ad Lyc. 1094
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    Etymology 2[edit]

    From ᾰ̓- (a-, not) +‎ λέχομαι (lékhomai, I lay) +‎ -τωρ (-tōr, -er). The meaning is supplied by λέκτρον (léktron, marriage-bed).

    Adjective[edit]

    ᾰ̓λέκτωρ (aléktōr)

    1. (hapax legomenon) unwedded
      • 250 CE – 350 CE, Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 3.53
        ἔφη 'γενέθλιός ἐστι τῆς ἀλέκτορος Ἀθηνᾶς καὶ ἄδικος ἡ τῆτες ἡμέρα.'
        éphē 'genéthliós esti tês aléktoros Athēnâs kaì ádikos hē têtes hēméra.'
        He said, "This is the birthday of the unwedded goddess Minerva, and this day is unjust."
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