ἀλεκτρυών

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ᾰ̓λέκτωρ (aléktōr, cock, rooster) +‎ -υών (-uṓn, an obscure suffix also appearing in ἀλκυών (alkuṓn, kingfisher)). The first element is the agentive noun of ᾰ̓λέξω (aléxō, ward off), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂lek-s-, an *s-derivative of *h₂elk- (protect). Compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀀𐀨𐀓𐀶𐀬𐀺 (a-ra-ku-tu-ru-wo /Alektruōn/).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /a.lek.try.ɔ̌ːn/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /a.lɛk.tryˈon/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /a.lek.tryˈon/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /a.lek.tryˈon/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /a.lek.triˈon/
  • Noun[edit]

    ᾰ̓λεκτρῠών (alektruṓnm, f (genitive ᾰ̓λεκτρῠόνος); third declension

    1. (masculine) a male chicken: cock, rooster
    2. (feminine) a female chicken: hen
    3. guinea fowl

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἀλεκτρυών”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 64

    Further reading[edit]