ἐλαχύς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁léngʰus (light). Cognates include Sanskrit लघु (laghu), Latin levis, Old Church Slavonic льгъкъ (lĭgŭkŭ), Old English lēoht (English light).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /e.la.kʰýs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ɛ.laˈkʰys/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /e.laˈxys/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /e.laˈçys/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /e.laˈçis/
  • Adjective[edit]

    ἐλᾰχῠ́ς (elakhúsm (feminine ἐλᾰ́χειᾰ, neuter ἐλᾰχῠ́); first/third declension

    1. small, short, mean, little
      • 7th-6th centuries BC, Homeric Hymn to Apollo 197
        τῇσι μὲν οὔτ᾽ αἰσχρὴ μεταμέλπεται οὔτ᾽ ἐλάχεια, ἀλλὰ μάλα μεγάλη τε ἰδεῖν καὶ εἶδος ἀγητή
        têisi mèn oút᾽ aiskhrḕ metamélpetai oút᾽ elákheia, allà mála megálē te ideîn kaì eîdos agētḗ
        And among them sings one, not mean nor puny, but tall to look upon and enviable in mien.

    Inflection[edit]

    This is one of the two adjectives in -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ, along with λιγύς (ligús), that have a recessive accent in the feminine. See also θῆλυς (thêlus), ἥμισυς (hḗmisus).

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]