ἐλαχύς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁léngʰus (light). Cognates include Sanskrit लघु (laghu), Latin levis, Old Church Slavonic льгъкъ (lĭgŭkŭ), Old English lēoht (English light).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

ἐλᾰχῠ́ς (elakhúsm (feminine ἐλᾰ́χειᾰ, neuter ἐλᾰχῠ́); first/third declension

  1. small, short, mean, little
    • 7th-6th centuries BC, Homeric Hymn to Apollo 197
      τῇσι μὲν οὔτ᾽ αἰσχρὴ μεταμέλπεται οὔτ᾽ ἐλάχεια, ἀλλὰ μάλα μεγάλη τε ἰδεῖν καὶ εἶδος ἀγητή
      têisi mèn oút aiskhrḕ metamélpetai oút elákheia, allà mála megálē te ideîn kaì eîdos agētḗ
      And among them sings one, not mean nor puny, but tall to look upon and enviable in mien.

Inflection[edit]

This is one of the two adjectives in -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ, along with λιγύς (ligús), that have a recessive accent in the feminine. See also θῆλυς (thêlus), ἥμισυς (hḗmisus).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]