ἧμαι

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *h₁ḗsti. Cognate with Sanskrit आस्ते (ā́ste), Hittite [script needed] (ēša), Hittite [script needed] (āšzi).[1] The initial /h/ is due to influence from etymologically unrelated forms derived from *sed- (to sit).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ἧμαι (hêmai)

  1. I sit, am seated; I lie, am situated
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.498:
      εὗρεν δ’ εὐρύοπα Κρονίδην ἄτερ ἥμενον ἄλλων
      heûren d’ eurúopa Kronídēn áter hḗmenon állōn
      There she found the far-seeing son of Cronos sitting apart from the rest
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 18.509:
      τὴν δ’ ἑτέρην πόλιν ἀμφὶ δύω στρατοὶ ἥατο λαῶν τεύχεσι λαμπόμενοι
      tḕn d’ hetérēn pólin amphì dúō stratoì hḗato laôn teúkhesi lampómenoi
      About the other city there lay encamped two hosts in gleaming armour
    1. I lie hid

Inflection[edit]

The missing tenses are supplied by ἕζομαι, ἵζω and ἵζομαι.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ἧμαι in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἧμαι in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἧμαι in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • ἧμαι in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • ἧμαι in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ἧμαι in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 789
  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 296